Muharram is the first month of the Islamic calendar and is considered to be the holy month of the year, according to Muslims. The tenth day of Muharram is the most important day, which is celebrated with great enthusiasm for various reasons by people from different factions of the Muslim community.
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In 2020, Muharram festival will be celebrated in the month of August, September, October by people of Islam worldwide. The festival will begin on the evening of 21 August. The date of the festival may vary by location.
It falls every year as the first month of the Islamic calendar and is considered one of the four holy months of the year in Islam. This day is a holiday across India to begin the Islamic year.
History of Muharram festival
The English meaning of Muharram is “forbidden” and is celebrated as the first month of the twelve months of the Islamic lunar calendar. People celebrate this day when they see the rising moon. The Muslim community’s people celebrate it for the martyrdom of Imam Hussain, the grandson of Prophet Mohammad.
He died in 680 AD during the Battle of Karbala, along with his family members and followers. People celebrate Muharram by remembering Ali (the Prophet’s son-in-law) and his elder son Hasan as he passed away for the entire Muslim community’s rights.
This festival marks the beginning of the new Islamic year. Muharram is derived from the word ‘haram’ which means “forbidden” The entire month of Muharram is considered holy, during which fighting quarrel is strictly prohibited.
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The first ten days of this festival are called mourning periods. According to history, it is believed that Prophet Mohammed had no successor because he never named anyone.
Therefore his followers have been chosen as his successors. Hussain, Ali’s younger son, was murdered on the tenth day in the month of Muharram, which is why the incident is called Ashura.
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This led to the split of the entire Muslim community into Shia and Sunnis. This day is celebrated by a Shia Muslim based on the rightful heirs of Prophet Mohammad (Ali, Hassan, and Hussain).
They mourn the death of the Prophet’s heirs during Muharram, and at the events of the sedative moon, they wear white drinks over a soft drink of honey and a black dress in memory of Imam Hussein. Whereas, Sunni Muslims celebrate it as an occasion during which they maintain calm and silence.
Importance of Muharram Festival
The Muharram festival is a day of great importance and its first ten days are celebrated by Muslim people of the Shia community in honor of the mourning death of Hazrat Imam Hussein and his family members (Umayyad ruler Yazid ibn Mu’awiyah at the Battle of Karbala in 680 A.D. Imprisoned and killed by the army of). People of Muslim religion keep fast for the whole month (not compulsory) and believe in this holy month’s virtues and rewards.
Muharram festival celebrations
According to the Shia Muslim, Hussain ibn Ali was a famous figure in the Muslim religion and was regarded as a member of Muhammad’s family. According to history, he refused to accept Islamic rules by Yazid, and he started a rebellion against him, which led to the Karbala (battle) during which he was beheaded. At the same time, his family members were imprisoned in Damascus; it was done.
Whereas, according to Sunni Muslims, it is the day when Moses conquered the Pharaoh of Egypt. According to history, it is believed that Moses was a religious Islam leader, who was promoting religious teachings among the people all over the world. And he conquered Egypt’s Pharaoh on the tenth day of Muharram.
Both groups of Muharram Muslim communities celebrate with almost similar traditions. The only difference is, Shia Muslims celebrate this day with fasting while Muslims have fasted on this day according to the teachings of Muhammad the Prophet a day before or after it. Sometimes, Shia Muslims fast for a full month and celebrate this day by demolishing themselves with sticks and sticks for all the sufferings of Hussain ibn Ali.
Muharram Festival Interesting Facts
- Muharram is not a festival, but it is a mourning day. Muharram is celebrated to commemorate the martyrdom of Imam Hussain, the younger Nawase (grandson) of Prophet Mohammed Saheb, the founder of Islam.
- Allah’s Rasul Hazrat Muhammad has called this month the month of Allah. Also, the statement of keeping Roza in this month has been mentioned.
- Yazid had killed Imam Hussein by deceit in the month of Muharram. This battle lasted from 2 to 6 Muharram. From that day, Muharram is celebrated as the martyrdom of Imam Hussain and his companions.
- Both Shia and Sunni celebrate the weeds of Muharram. This is a way for Muslims to pay tribute to their ancestors.
- For the ten days of Muharram, people decorate it in various ways using bamboo and wood, and they are taken out on the eleventh day. On the day of Muharram, it is carried around the whole city, and it is later buried by making him the tomb of Imam Hussain.
- The Islamic or Hijri calendar is a lunar calendar, which is not only used in Muslim countries, but Muslims around the world also use it to know the right time to celebrate Islamic religious festivals.
- New year Hijri starts on the first date of Muharram month according to the Islamic calendar.
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